What Time Do Financial Markets Open and Close? (+ Crypto Trading Hours)

What This Book Is About

The U S When the markets open at 9:30 a.m. m On regular workdays, that means Monday through Friday, Eastern Time. Typically, trading on Wall Street ends at 4 p. m excluding non-trading days for stocks
Pre-market and after-hours trading are also options. When markets are most volatile and frequented by institutional investors.

Stock market hours and how they may affect your trades are discussed below.

Important Considerations:

  • Stock market trading days and times are Monday through Friday, 9:30 a.m. to 12:30 p.m. m –4 p m EST
  • During the weekend, the stock market is closed, and no trades can be made until Monday.
  • Stock Market Employees Celebrate Holidays, Too Take note of these dates for trading purposes.
  • More risks associated with price volatility, liquidity, and other trading inconsistencies are present during off-hours trading.

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History of the Big U S Currency Markets

For starters, what is the stock market? Individuals and businesses alike who deal in the buying and selling of stocks on the open market make up what is known as "the stock market." Shares of these companies are traded on the stock market, and their performance is measured by an index. Among the most prominent stock markets and indexes in the United States are the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) and the NASDAQ.

While New York City's Wall Street is the beating heart of American investing, it's important to remember that stock markets everywhere operate in essentially the same way.

Exactly when do stock markets open and close?

The "opening bell" signifies the beginning of trading on the New York Stock Exchange. It happens every day at 9:30 a.m., marking the beginning of the trading session. m EST

On the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE), two bells are rung to indicate the opening of trading and the closing of trading for the day. Both a mechanical bell and a real one are shown here. For ceremonial purposes, a real bell is rung when new companies begin trading or when dignitaries pay a visit.

The answer to "what time does the stock market open?" is still the same even though there is no such thing as a physical NASDAQ trading floor. The opening bell still rings even though there is no physical bell to answer it. This phrase denotes the start of the business day.

Perhaps you're also curious about the stock market's closing time and the subsequent events. At 4 p.m., the NASDAQ and the New York Stock Exchange both close. m Every day, class ends with another ring of the bell.

Times of Trading on the New York Stock Exchange

The New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) is open during the typical business day, which consists of:

  • Ordinary Trading Hours: Monday through Friday, 9:30 a.m. to 3:30 p.m. m –4 p m EST
  • Trading Before the Open of the Market: 8:00 - 9:30 a.m., Monday through Friday m EST

Schedule of the NASDAQ Stock Market

In addition, the NASDAQ observes standard trading hours, which are as follows:

  • Normal Business Hours are 9:30 a.m. to 12:30 p.m., Monday through Friday. m –4 p m EST
  • Daily Pre-Market Trading Hours: 8:00 - 9:30 a.m. m EST

Although most trading occurs during normal business hours, pre-market trading also exists. Daily, it happens before the market opens. As a result of supply and demand, stock prices rise during this period because there are fewer buyers than sellers.

There can be a flurry of activity in the stock market in the hours leading up to the opening bell if a company reports earnings before the market opens. Although pre-market trading can have both positive and negative effects, there are a few dangers you should be aware of, as outlined by the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC):

  • Inadequate capacity for identifying citations Companies might only have one place where prices can be seen, and it might not be an accurate reflection of the market. As a result, you might not only find that the prices are not what you expected during trading, but that you also can't rely on the quotes you were given or complete the trade at all.
  • Insufficiency of Funds Depending on the stock, pre-market trading may have lower volume, making it more difficult to trade in the stocks you prefer. You can only trade a limited number of shares of each stock, giving you, at best, unpredictable results.
  • Wider-than-usual price differences between quotes Lower trading volume during regular trading hours may result in higher bid and ask prices, slower order execution, and higher costs.
  • Price fluctuations Price swings during periods of restricted trading activity can be significantly larger than those occurring during regular trading hours, making the market less attractive to would-be purchasers.
  • Fluctuating costs There is a possibility that stock market prices do not fairly reflect the true costs of trading during normal business hours.
  • The use of a limit order Limit-only order acceptance in electronic systems can potentially result in unfulfilled orders, costing you a business opportunity.
  • Problems with computers Trading errors outside of normal business hours are possible.
  • Competition During these times, larger institutions may have access to more data than individual investors, giving them an advantage in the market.

Learning how to invest in stocks can be complicated by a number of factors. Knowing the ins and outs of pre-market trading can help you save time and money.

Graphic of a window showing a cityscape

When Does the Stock Market Close?

Considering how convenient it is to do almost anything online these days, you might assume that weekend stock trading is a viable option.

  • Tradition Before the advent of computers, stockbrokers needed time off on the weekends because they couldn't work around the clock.
  • Preparation for Emergencies Weekends were used during times of economic crisis to keep calm and get things done.

If you want to invest online, you can do so whenever you like, but your trades won't actually go through until the opening bell. If you're looking to get in on the action and wondering "when does the market open," here's your answer. On Monday at 9:30 a.m., Eastern Standard Time, the stock market will officially open for the trading week.

Do Stocks Allow After-Hours Trading?

Aside from pre-market trading, extended-hours trading is another option. Time: 4:30-6:30 PM EST, Monday-Friday m New York Stock Exchange and NASDAQ trades take place at EST.

After-hours trading shares the same issues with market volatility as pre-market trading. It's best to have an idea of what you're getting into before diving in.

Trading in the pre-market and after-hours could appear to be a more practical choice. Still, there are enough unforeseen obstacles that its outcome is, at best, speculative. Trading during normal business hours allows you to buy and sell stocks without worrying about market volatility or other unexpected events, allowing you to maximize your profits and minimize your losses.

Investing Breaks

When holidays fall during normal trading hours, the stock market does, in fact, close. Examples of days when the stock market is closed are:

  • A New Year's Celebration
  • King, Martin Luther, Jr. Day
  • Thanksgiving Day
  • Ascension Day
  • The Meaning of Memorial Day
  • Celebration of Independence (July 4)
  • Labor Day
  • The Thanksgiving Holiday
  • Holiday Season

The New York Stock Exchange observes a number of shortened trading days, including:

  • On Wednesday, July 3 (the day before Independence Day), the market is open from 9:30 a.m. to 1 p.m. m –1 p m EST
  • The day after Thanksgiving is known as Black Friday, and it is during this time that businesses open for trading. m –1 p m EST
  • Christmas Eve Market Hours: 9:30 a.m. to 2:30 p.m. m –1 p m EST

Trading Times for Cryptocurrencies

The cryptocurrency market, unlike the stock market, is open 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, making it more volatile and potentially risky. Investors in cryptocurrency should have a strategy in place to help them prepare for the absence of downtime.

In Conclusiveness

Even on a good day, and especially during pre-trading and after-market hours when investors are less informed, the stock market can be extremely volatile.

You might want to know when the stock market opens before you start trading. Knowing when the market opens and closes each day can help you maximize your trading potential. Not that you won't face any danger; rather, it's that knowing when the market is closed (including for holidays) can help you prepare for the ambiguity that inevitably arises when trading outside of regular business hours.

Using the Public app, you can put your money to work whenever you want. To see how simple investing can be, try it out.

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