The Number of Hours Necessary for Part-Time Work and What They Are

Part-time work schedules, as well as the benefits and drawbacks of working fewer hours, and the most common types of part-time schedules, are discussed in detail here.

Part-time jobs are defined by the United States Bureau of Labor Statistics as those that require less than 35 hours of work per week. Nonetheless, the labor laws grant employers the discretion to classify their employees, so part-time work schedules can vary widely.

At least now you know roughly how many hours are required for a part-time position. But since no law or regulation specifies how many hours count as "part-time," the data presented here relies on surveys of various employers rather than any hard and fast rules.

Therefore, you should read this article to learn everything you need to know about working part-time, as the definition of "part-time" may vary depending on the institution providing the statistics.

The Definitive Guide to Determining Your Part-Time Work Schedule

Everything you need to know about part-time work, including its advantages, disadvantages, and the best part-time jobs that pay well, is laid out in this article. There is a lot to learn about this, and we might eventually make a comparison to working full-time and other aspects of part-time work.

Briefly Describe Your Part-Time Work Experience

what is a part-time job

A part-time job is one that can be completed in fewer than 40 hours per week. The employer sets the schedule and it is the employer's responsibility to divide employees into different shifts.

Because of this, part-time workers' schedules vary widely from one organization to the next. Some people consider anyone who works fewer than 35 hours per week to be part-time, while others set the threshold at 32 hours.

It's also important to realize that the Labor Department does not define or provide a legal provision for what constitutes part-time and full-time work; that duty falls squarely on the shoulders of individual businesses.

Is There a Specific Number of Hours That Define Part-Time Work?

Part-time work is defined as employment that requires less than 35 hours per week. The BLS has found the following to be true. Given that different businesses have different ways of categorizing their employees according to the work they do and the hours they put in, this definition of "part-time" falls short.

That demonstrates the variation amongst businesses in terms of what constitutes a "part-time" workweek. Take the United States as an illustration. S According to the Department of Labor, most businesses classify workers who put in 30–40 hours per week as full-timers and those who put in fewer than 30 as part-timers.

People who work more than 30 hours per week or 130 hours per month are considered full-time employees by the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) in accordance with the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act.

The benefits and drawbacks of working fewer hours per week

There are a number of advantages to working part-time rather than full-time. As a matter of course, these perks are appreciated by both employers and workers. Of course, both workers and businesses face drawbacks when relying on part-time workers.

The benefits of working fewer hours per week

Workers who don't put in 40 hours a week are considered part-timers. The following are some of the advantages of this:

Increased Life-Work Balance

Part-time workers will have more flexibility in their schedules, allowing them to spend more time with their families and participating in extracurricular activities. This provides them with a more favorable work-life balance, and it may also increase their efficiency on the job.


The flexibility of part-time work allows employees to try out new things without committing fully to one company.


Part-time work schedules offer both employees and businesses more leeway. The employees who put in fewer hours may, for instance, work a more fluid schedule in response to the requirements of the business, or they may have day and night shifts that are shorter.


It's possible that a part-time arrangement would be preferable for the company or employer because it would save money compared to a full-time position. A full-time worker, however, must fulfill certain duties for the company. For full-time employees, the law requires the employer to provide certain benefits including salary, retirement plans, sick leave, and other benefits like health insurance coverage; this does not apply to part-time employees.

The Downsides of Working Part-Time

pros and cons of part time hours and part time jobs

There are drawbacks to working part-time that the employee must consider. However, there are also drawbacks for the employer when compared to full-time hiring. Therefore, the following are some of the disadvantages of working part-time:

Tension Caused by an Excessive Workload

Part-time workers may be asked to work fewer hours per week than they would for a full-time position, but they may be expected to perform the same or similar duties. Therefore, the work of the part-time employee is identical to that of the full-time employee, while the part-time employee does not receive the benefits enjoyed by the full-time employee.

Few Advantages

It's possible that part-time workers aren't eligible for the same benefits as full-time workers. Among these are paid time off for illness, medical insurance, and other perks.

Damaged relationships at work

Some full-time workers may feel uneasy around part-time workers because they don't see them often enough in a part-time work arrangement. Since they don't have as much in common with the full-time workers, the part-timers may have a hard time forming cohesive teams with them.

The Pressures of a Part-Time Work Schedule

Some part-timers are on call occasionally as per the employer's arrangement with them. This schedule may not be set in stone, however, and may change on a daily basis. This can make things difficult for part-time workers in areas like housing and travel.

How Does Working Full-Time Differ From Working Part-Time?

difference between full and part time jobs

The number of hours worked per week is the defining factor between full-time and part-time employment. U.S. News & World Report S According to the U.S. Department of Labor, if you want to work less than 30 hours per week, you have a part-time job, and if you want to work between 30 and 40 hours per week, you have a full-time job.

Can a Person Work Part-Time and Still Receive Benefits?

Even though some benefits, like health insurance and retirement plans, may be extended to part-time workers, in most businesses they are reserved for full-timers.

Work schedules that include fewer than 30 hours per week are the norm for part-time employees.

Employers have varying requirements when it comes to part-time work. A few people work week-to-week with set hours, while others are always "on call," and still others have a mix of both. The following are examples of common forms of part-time work schedules:

  • Constant timetable
  • Intermittent rotations
  • Schedule Swap
  • Routine for being "on call"
  • a change in pattern that is not regular
  • Scheduling in shifts

The Best Part-Time Jobs

Fortunately, you can find a wide variety of decently compensated part-time jobs. It's possible that a formal education isn't necessary for these positions. However, you can get these part-time jobs if you have a high school diploma or a college certificate. Some examples of work in this category are:

The Guard

You can make decent money as a security guard, and you can work flexible hours. Of course, a security guard's job is to prevent intruders from entering a building, whether it's a residence, a place of business, or some other location. The median hourly wage for this position is $15, according to salary data compiled by various employment agencies.

Agent of Customer Service

You need people skills and a basic education to work in customer service. Though college education isn't strictly necessary, those with at least a high school diploma should have no trouble getting hired. It's a job where you can expect to make around $15 an hour. Thus, the number of hours you work each week will directly correlate to your pay.

The Driver of a Delivery Vehicle

Another great option for a side gig that doesn't require much commitment: A driver's license is typically the only educational requirement, though some employers may set higher standards. You can make around $18 an hour at this job.


Many schools and organizations are seeking tutors to work part-time. Here, you can share your expertise with a single student or a small group of classmates. If you are an accountant or auditor, you could, for instance, tutor students in those subjects. It's possible to make a great hourly wage of around $25 doing this, as reported by many employment websites.

Naturally, there are a plethora of other profitable options for those looking to work part-time. You can be a real estate agent, a freelancer, an occupational therapist, a personal shopper, a pet sitter, and many other related professions.

The Question of When a Part-Time Employee Converts to Full-Time

when part time becomes full time

If a part-time worker has proven time and time again that they are capable of performing the duties of a full-time worker, the company may promote them to the full-time ranks. In addition, part-time workers are defined and protected from employer exploitation by federal and state employment laws.

If an employer is unwilling to reclassify an employee who works more than the minimum number of hours per week as a full-time employee, the employee may want to consult an employment lawyer for assistance.

Thus, a part-time worker who has reliably put in full-time hours may be promoted to a full-time position at the next classification review.

Does the Law Guarantee Vacation Time to Part-Time Employees?

Employees, whether they are full- or part-time, may be eligible for paid time off or vacation from their employers. For example, in Ontario, workers of all stripes and positions are guaranteed a minimum of two weeks off every year.

The majority of states do not have federal laws that mandate employers provide vacation time to their employees.

Topics Covered in the FAQ:

Many people have the following inquiries concerning both part-time and full-time employment:

Many businesses classify employees as full- or part-time based on their weekly or monthly hours of work. For this reason, most businesses consider workers who put in fewer than 25 hours per week to be part-time. Note that in most businesses, full-time employees put in more than 30 hours per week, while part-time employees put in less than 30. Working fewer than 35 hours per week qualifies as part-time.

As a part-time worker, your hours of work are flexible and not limited to a certain minimum each week. It really depends on the company. Depending on how you define "part-time," you can put in anywhere from five to thirty hours a week.

As you can see, the law does not mandate any particular workweek length. While the U.S. S Full-time status is defined by the U.S. Department of Labor as 30-40 hours per week.

Part-time work hours are typically limited by the employer. Part-time work can range from as few as 30 hours per week to as many as 35 hours per week (based on BLS data). The answer to this question lies entirely in the hands of the company.

Concluding Remarks

Part-time work can encompass a wide range of schedules, as we have seen. Part-time work may be defined differently by different companies; for example, some may consider anything below 35 hours per week to be part-time, while others may set the upper limit at 30 or 32 hours. The employer determines the baseline for minimum part-time hours.

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