Exactly when do the Financial Markets Open and Close, Including Cryptocurrency Trading?

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The U S When the markets open at 9:30 a.m. m Monday through Friday, excluding holidays, at 5:00 p.m. Eastern Time Typically, trading on Wall Street ends at 4 p. m excluding non-trading days for stocks
In addition to regular market hours, pre-market and after-hours trading are also an option. Institutional traders and buyers are more active during these times.

Stock market hours and how they may affect your trades are discussed below.

Lessons Learned

  • Stock market trading days and times are Monday through Friday, 9:30 a.m. to 12:30 p.m. m –4 p m EST
  • Trading in stocks is delayed until Monday due to the market's weekend closure.
  • Even Wall Street takes time off for celebrations. Traders, take note of these important dates for making transactions.
  • There is a higher chance of experiencing price fluctuations, insufficient liquidity, and other market inconsistencies when trading outside of normal business hours.

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Historical Context for the Big U S Exchanges for Trading Stocks

In the first place, what is the stock market? In the stock market, buyers and sellers of stocks interact openly in the marketplace. They engage in stock market transactions, which are recorded in an index. In the United States, two of the most well-known stock markets and indices are the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) and the National Association of Securities Dealers (NASDAQ).

New York City's Wall Street may be the beating heart of American investing, but stock markets around the world follow the same basic structure.

When do stock markets open and close, and how do I find out?

The "opening bell" signifies the start of trading on the New York Stock Exchange. It happens daily at 9:30 a.m., marking the beginning of the trading session. m EST

The New York Stock Exchange uses two bells to signal the opening and closing of trading each day. Both an electronic bell and a traditional bell are presented. An actual bell is rung whenever a company begins trading for the first time or whenever dignitaries are in attendance.

The answer to "what time does the stock market open?" is still the same even though there is no such thing as a NASDAQ trading floor. There may not be a physical bell to signal the start of business, but that doesn't stop the opening bell from ringing. Meant to denote the start of the business day, the term "open"

Perhaps you're also curious about the stock market's closing time and the subsequent events. At 4 pm, the NYSE and the NASDAQ both close their doors. m The daily session ends with another ring of the bell.

Opening and Closing Times of the New York Stock Exchange

Like any other business, the NYSE has set hours of operation, which are as follows:

  • Trading Hours: Monday through Friday, 9:30 a.m. to 3:30 p.m. m –4 p m EST
  • Trading Before the Open of the Market: 8:00 - 9:30 a.m., Monday through Friday m EST

Time Zone & Daylight Savings Time Changes for the NASDAQ

In addition, the NASDAQ observes standard trading hours, which are as follows:

  • Daily Trading Hours: 9:30 a.m. to 3:30 p.m. EST, Monday m –4 p m EST
  • Trading Before the Open, or Pre-Market, is from 8 to 9:30 a.m., Monday through Friday. m EST

Even though most traders operate during standard business hours, pre-market trading is also available. It takes place each morning before the stock market opens. As a result of supply and demand, stock prices rise during this period because only a small number of investors can actively trade during this time.

There can be a flurry of activity in the stock market in the minutes before the opening bell if a company has announced earnings before the market opened. Although pre-market trading can have both positive and negative effects, there are a few dangers you should be aware of, as outlined by the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC):

  • Inadequate capacity for identifying quotations A company may only have access to a single quote system, and that system may not be reliable. If you try to trade based on inaccurate quotes or fail to complete a trade because prices were not as you expected, you will lose money.
  • Due to insufficient funds Some stocks may have lower volume in pre-market trading, preventing you from trading in the stocks you want to. There is a limited range of share quantities available for trading stocks, leading to erratic results at best.
  • Potentially wider price disparities between quotes Lower trading volume during regular trading hours may result in higher bid and ask prices, slower order execution, and higher costs.
  • Changes in prices There is little incentive for buyers when trading is restricted because price fluctuations can be significantly larger than during regular trading hours.
  • Fluctuating costs During normal trading hours, stock prices may not reflect the true costs of buying and selling.
  • Put limits on If you use an electronic system that only accepts orders up to a certain limit, your orders may not be fulfilled and you may miss out on a great opportunity.
  • Issues with the computer system Trading errors outside of normal business hours are possible.
  • Competition Institutional investors, which typically consist of larger entities, may have an advantage during these times because they have access to more data.

Learning how to invest in stocks can be complicated by many factors. As a result, you should do your research before engaging in pre-market trading to save time and prevent needless risk.

Graphic of a window showing a cityscape

Can You Buy Stocks on the Weekend?

With the internet's accessibility, you might assume that weekend stock trading is a viable option. However, this is not the case for a number of reasons, including but not limited to the following.

  • Tradition Before the advent of computers, stockbrokers needed the time off during the weekends because they couldn't work around the clock.
  • A Plan B Weekends were used during times of economic crisis to keep calm and get things done.

Online trading is available around the clock, but no transactions will be processed until the opening bell. To that end, for those eager to trade but unsure of when the market opens: The stock market officially begins trading on Monday at 9:30 a.m. EST.

Do Stocks Allow After-Hours Trading?

Extended-hours trading is available and is similar to pre-market trading. It runs from 4:30-6:30pm (GMT) Monday through Friday. m Time Zone (EST) for the New York Stock Exchange and NASDAQ

After-hours trading shares the same issues with market volatility as its pre-market counterpart. Consequently, it is prudent to be informed about the nature of the endeavor before committing to it.

After-hours and pre-market trading could be an appealing alternative. Yet, the variety of possible issues renders its outcome highly uncertain. In order to buy and sell stocks with confidence and avoid unnecessary risk, sticking to regular trading hours can help.

Breaks in the Stock Market

If a holiday falls during stock market hours, trading is suspended. These days are observed as stock market holidays:

  • New Year's Day
  • King, Martin Luther, Jr. Day
  • Thanksgiving Day
  • On this Good Friday
  • The Meaning of Memorial Day
  • Celebration of Independence (July 4)
  • Labor Day
  • Holiday of Thanksgiving
  • In celebration of Christmas.

The New York Stock Exchange also observes shortened trading days for:

  • Trading hours on Wednesday, July 3 (the day before Independence Day) are from 9:30 a.m. to 12:30 p.m. m –1 p m EST
  • On Friday, the day after Thanksgiving, commonly known as "Black Friday," stores open for business at 9:30 a.m. m –1 p m EST
  • The market will be open for trading on Christmas Eve, December 24th, at 9:30 a. m –1 p m EST

Trading Times for Cryptocurrencies

However, unlike the stock market, cryptocurrency trades around the clock, every single day. This makes it somewhat riskier as price fluctuations can occur even when you're asleep. Those who wish to profit from cryptocurrency investments should have a plan in place, as there is no downtime.

Here's the Deal

Even on a good day, the stock market can be extremely volatile, especially before and after trading hours, and especially if you are unfamiliar with the risks that may be involved.

You might want to know when the stock market opens before you start trading. The best times to trade are just before and just after the market closes each day, so be aware of these times. There is always some degree of risk involved in trading, but knowing when the market is closed (including on holidays) can help you prepare for the unknown.

Using the Public app, you can put your money to work whenever you want. You won't believe how simple investing can be until you try it.

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